There are various causes and symptoms of the body becoming dehydrated.

What Causes Dehydration?
Dehydration can occur when water intake is less than water loss. Some common causes can be:

  • elevated blood sugar levels – in diabetics or those eating too many processed and sugary foods
  • stress
  • diuretics – tea, coffee, pop, alcohol
  • drugs – including tobacco
  • environmental – air con, pollution, air travel, electrical (VDU, mobiles)
  • sweating – high air temperatures and strenuous exercise
  • diarrhoea
  • vomiting


photo by – flickr

How to Avoid Becoming Dehydrated

  • drink hydrating fluids regularly throughout the day (1.5 to 2 litres altogether)
  • hydrate before, during and after intense exercise
  • eat more fruit and vegetables
  • cut down on processed and sugary foods
  • limit diuretics
  • avoid being out in very hot weather for too long without plentiful hydrating fluids
  • address any longer term or recurring causes listed above

What Are The Symptoms of Dehydration?
Well known symptoms include:

  • mid to dark yellow coloured urine
  • constipation – fluid is removed from faeces
  • inflammation – dehydration is always present
  • headaches
  • dizziness or lightheadedness
  • low energy – feeling tired or sleepy
  • dryness – in the eyes, mouth, skin (e,g, eczema), vagina
  • fluid retention – due to a toxic build up
  • lack of thirst – often due to excess stimulants i.e. tea, coffee, alcohol
  • muscle cramps

Symptoms of SEVERE dehydration can include sunken eyes, low blood pressure, rapid breathing, rapid heartbeat, fever and an intensified version of symptoms listed above.